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The ABCs of Hepatitis

1.5 Contact Hours
Target Audience: Nurses, healthcare professionals, and interested individuals
Purpose/Goal: The outcome of this course is for the learner to describe the epidemiology, signs and symptoms, testing, treatment, and prevention strategies for hepatitis A, B, C, D, and E.
$14.97
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Hepatitis A, B, and C are viruses that affect millions of individuals throughout the world. They affect the liver and have a variety of etiologies and mechanisms of transmission. All forms of hepatitis can have significant economic and social consequences since infected individuals can take weeks or months to recover and return to school, work, and their daily lives. Long-term consequences of the viruses vary but can include serious, chronic health consequences such as cirrhosis and liver cancer. Prevention, early diagnosis, and effective treatment are essential in preventing the spread of these diseases.

Upon completion of the course, you will be able to do the following:

  • Describe the epidemiology, assessment, risk factors, modes of transmission, treatments, and prevention strategies for hepatitis A virus (HAV).
  • Identify the possible outcomes when testing for HAV.
  • Describe the epidemiology, assessment, risk factors, modes of transmission, treatments, and prevention strategies for hepatitis B virus (HBV).
  • Identify the possible outcomes when testing for HBV.
  • Describe the epidemiology, assessment, risk factors, modes of transmission, testing, treatments, and prevention strategies for hepatitis C virus (HCV).
  • Identify the possible outcomes when testing for HCV.
  • List prevention strategies for HAV, HBV, and HCV.

Hepatitis A Virus (HAV)

Hepatitis A is a viral liver disease that can lead to mild or severe illness. Caused by the hepatitis A virus, this disease spreads when an uninfected (and unvaccinated) person ingests food or water that has been contaminated with the feces or blood of an infected person. The disease is highly associated with unsafe water, inadequate sanitation, and poor personal hygiene (U. S. National Library of Medicine, 2017a; World Health Organization [WHO], 2017a).

This virus can have significant economic and social consequences in communities since infected individuals can take weeks or months to recover and return to school, work, and their daily lives. The local economy and food establishments identified with the virus can be severely impacted as well (WHO, 2017a).

Epidemiology

Approximately 3,000 new infections occur in the United States annually while 1.4 million cases of hepatitis A occur worldwide every year (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention [CDC], 2017). Hepatitis A virus occurs sporadically as well as in epidemics and tends to occur cyclically. Hepatitis A is one of the most frequent causes of foodborne infection, and epidemics can erupt explosively. For example, in one incident in Shanghai in 1988, approximately 300,000 people were infected. Hepatitis A can also persist in the environment and can resist food-production processes routinely used to inactivate and/or control bacterial pathogens. Geographically, HAV can occur minimally or widely. Consider these findings (WHO, 2017a):

  • In areas with high rates of infection, most children (90%) have been infected with HAV before the age of 10 years and have few noticeable symptoms. Epidemics are uncommon because older children and adults are usually immune.
  • In areas with intermediate levels of infection (such as developing countries with transitional economies and variable sanitary conditions), children often do not get infected in childhood. However, they may get infected as adolescents or adults and larger outbreaks of HAV can occur.
  • In areas with low levels of infection (such as developed countries with good sanitary and hygienic conditions) the disease is more common among adolescents and adults in high-risk groups (such as injecting drug users).

Complete the course post exam (CE Test) with a score of 80% or greater. Complete all fields of the course evaluation form. Certificate of Completion is provided once the course post exam is passed per criteria above.

  • American Board of Managed Care Nursing
  • ANCC - American Nurses Credentialing Center
  • AOTA - American Occupational Therapy Association
  • ASWB - Association of Social Work Boards
  • California Board of Behavioral Sciences
  • California Board of Registered Nursing
  • California Department of Health, Aid, and Technician Certification Section
  • District of Columbia Board of Nursing
  • Florida Board of Nursing
  • Florida Board of Nursing - Certified Nursing Assistants
  • Florida Board of Respiratory Care
  • Florida Council of Dietetics and Nutrition
  • Florida Council of Licensed Midwifery
  • NAADAC - The National Association of Alcohol and Drug Abuse Counselors
  • NCBTMB -National Certification Board for Therapeutic Massage & Bodywork
  • Florida Board of Massage Therapists
Course Expires:

September 28, 2021

Instructor(s):
  • Caroline Young, MPH
  • Cyndie Koopsen, RN, BSN, MBA, HNB-BC, RN-BC, HWNC-BC
Jurisdictional Requirements:

Continuing education (CE) licensing requirements vary by jurisdiction, are not well defined, and may change. These CE requirements may vary in terms of the number of hours required to the types of courses that must be taken. ALLEGRA Learning Solutions, LLC recommends you contact your licensing board or accrediting organization for the latest continuing education requirements of your state or territory. Compliance with CE requirements is the responsibility of the individual health care provider. Health care providers must understand the CE requirements in their jurisdictions, and be sure they are up-to-date on any rule changes that affect their license. For further information, please see our Accreditation Information.

Accommodations for Disabilities:

Every effort will be made to accommodate your special needs. To request accommodations, please contact us.

Conflicts of Interest and Relevant Financial Relationships:

The authors/planning committee members have no conflicts of interests or relevant financial relationships to declare relevant to this activity.

Commercial Support:

No commercial support has been received for this activity.

Non-endorsement of products:

Accreditation refers to recognition of continuing nursing education only and does not imply ALLEGRA Learning Solutions, LLC approval or endorsement of any commercial product.

Off-label Use of Products:

None of the authors intend to discuss off-label uses of drugs, mechanical devices, biologics, or diagnostics not approved by the FDA for use in the United States.

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