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8 hours $7.98
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30 hours $4.98

Hunger and Malnutrition

1.0 Contact Hours
Target Audience: Nurses, healthcare professionals, and interested individuals
Purpose/Goal: The outcome of this course is for the learner to describe the causes, symptoms, treatment, and strategies for preventing hunger and malnutrition.
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Almost 800 million people in the world are suffering from hunger and malnutrition. Most of these individuals live in developing countries. However, there are millions more in developed countries who go to bed each night hungry. Children are the most visible victims of malnutrition. Paradoxically, the world produces enough food to feed everyone. So why does hunger exist? There are many causes and perhaps with an understanding of these causes and a commitment to solutions, hunger and malnutrition can be prevented.

Upon completion of the course, you will be able to do the following:

  • Identify the global prevalence of hunger and malnutrition.
  • Discuss clinical manifestations of marasmus and kwashiorkor.
  • Explain the causes, symptoms, and health effects of hunger and malnutrition.
  • Discuss methods of diagnosing, treating, and preventing hunger and malnutrition.

Hunger is considered the world’s greatest solvable problem because the world produces enough food to feed everyone. Yet hunger and undernutrition (or malnutrition) remain persistent global developmental challenges (te Lintelo & Lakshman, 2014). Why? There are many factors that contribute to both hunger and malnutrition, which are major health problems, especially in developing countries.

The following facts on hunger and malnutrition provide a disturbing perspective on this global health issue (te Lintelo & Lakshman, 2014; World Food Programme, 2015b; World Health Organization [WHO], 2015a; WHO, 2015b; World Health Organization, World Food Programme, United Nations System Standing Committee on Nutrition, The United Nations Children’s Fund, 2007).

  • Approximately 800 million people in the world—about 1 in 9 people on earth—do not have enough food to lead a healthy, active life.
  • The vast majority of the world’s hungry people live in developing countries where approximately 13% of the population is undernourished.
  • Asia is the continent with the highest number of hungry people—approximately two-thirds of the world’s total hungry people live there.
  • Sub-Saharan Africa is the region with the highest prevalence (percentage of the population) of hunger. Of the population in sub-Saharan Africa, 25% is undernourished.
  • One in six children (approximately 100 million) in developing countries is underweight.
  • Nearly 20 million children across the globe are severely, acutely malnourished.
  • Approximately 1 million of the children die every year because of severe acute malnutrition.
  • If women farmers had the same access to resources as male farmers, the number of hungry people in the world would be reduced by up to 150 million people.
  • There are 66 million primary school-age children in the developing world who attend classes hungry. African school children comprise 23 million of this total.
  • While malnutrition contributes to more than one-third of all child deaths, it is rarely listed as the direct cause of death.
  • The mortality of children with severe acute malnutrition ranges from 10% to 21%.

Complete the course post exam (CE Test) with a score of 80% or greater. Complete all fields of the course evaluation form. Certificate of Completion is provided once the course post exam is passed per criteria above.

  • American Board of Managed Care Nursing
  • ANCC - American Nurses Credentialing Center
  • AOTA - American Occupational Therapy Association
  • ASWB - Association of Social Work Boards
  • California Board of Registered Nursing
  • California Department of Health, Aid, and Technician Certification Section
  • District of Columbia Board of Nursing
  • Florida Board of Massage Therapists
  • Florida Board of Nursing
  • Florida Board of Nursing - Certified Nursing Assistants
  • Florida Board of Respiratory Care
  • Florida Council of Dietetics and Nutrition
  • Florida Council of Licensed Midwifery
  • NAADAC - The National Association of Alcohol and Drug Abuse Counselors
  • NCBTMB -National Certification Board for Therapeutic Massage & Bodywork
  • California Board of Behavioral Sciences
Course Expires:

July 01, 2019

  • Caroline Young, MPH
  • Cyndie Koopsen, RN, BSN, MBA, HNB-BC, RN-BC, HWNC-BC
Jurisdictional Requirements:

Continuing education (CE) licensing requirements vary by jurisdiction, are not well defined, and may change. These CE requirements may vary in terms of the number of hours required to the types of courses that must be taken. ALLEGRA Learning Solutions, LLC recommends you contact your licensing board or accrediting organization for the latest continuing education requirements of your state or territory. Compliance with CE requirements is the responsibility of the individual health care provider. Health care providers must understand the CE requirements in their jurisdictions, and be sure they are up-to-date on any rule changes that affect their license. For further information, please see our Accreditation Information.

Accommodations for Disabilities:

Every effort will be made to accommodate your special needs. To request accommodations, please contact us.

Conflicts of Interest and Relevant Financial Relationships:

The authors/planning committee members have no conflicts of interests or relevant financial relationships to declare relevant to this activity.

Commercial Support:

No commercial support has been received for this activity.

Non-endorsement of products:

Accreditation refers to recognition of continuing nursing education only and does not imply ALLEGRA Learning Solutions, LLC approval or endorsement of any commercial product.

Off-label Use of Products:

None of the authors intend to discuss off-label uses of drugs, mechanical devices, biologics, or diagnostics not approved by the FDA for use in the United States.