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8 hours $7.98
12 hours $6.98
20 hours $5.98
30 hours $4.98

International Women's Health - Challenges and Opportunities

2.0 Contact Hours
Target Audience: Nurses, healthcare professionals, and interested individuals
Purpose/Goal: The outcome of this course is for the learner to describe the key international health issues facing women and their impact on the health of women, children, and communities.
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While women have a longer life expectancy than men in most every country, they don’t necessarily get to enjoy healthier lives. Millions of women suffer from health issues each year throughout the world - health issues that would not affect them if they were men. Poverty, scarce education or economic opportunities, gender bias, gender discrimination, unjust laws, and human rights violations impede advancements in women’s health worldwide. When women’s health concerns, women’s rights, and empowerment are made a priority, the result is immense improvements in the health and well-being of women and their children on a global scale.

Upon completion of the course, you will be able to do the following:

  • Identify key global fundamental values and goals related to women’s health.
  • Describe key women’s health issues.
  • Explain the impact of harmful traditional practices (including female genital mutilation, son preference, female infanticide, early marriage and dowry, early pregnancy, and gender-based violence) on the health of women and children.
  • Describe the global impact of women’s, girls’, and infants’ health.
  • Identify initiatives for global health.

Poverty, scarce education or economic opportunities, gender bias, gender discrimination, and unjust laws impede advancements in women’s health worldwide. These factors intersect, and they restrict women’s access to important health services and the education they need to improve their lives and the lives of their children. When women’s health concerns, women’s rights, and empowerment are made a priority, the results are immense improvements in the health and well-being of women, their children, and their communities on a global scale (The Regents of the University of California, 2012).

In 1994, at the International Conference on Population and Development (ICPD) in Egypt, the empowerment and autonomy of women, as well as improvements in their political, social, economic, and health status were recognized as vitally important goals in and of themselves. Education was highlighted as one of the most important means of empowering women with the knowledge, skills, and autonomy necessary for them to participate in their own development. In addition to education, the ICPD stated that women must be guaranteed the right to exercise control over their reproductive rights and to manage their reproductive roles. This implies the ability to have a satisfying, safe sex life and the capacity to reproduce, as well as the freedom to decide if and when they have children. The ICPD stated that reproductive health care should include but not be limited to family planning information, prenatal care, delivery and post-natal care, health care for women and infants, and prevention and treatment of infertility and sexually transmitted diseases. The ICPD stated these rights should be the basis of government policies and programs throughout the world (United Nations Population Information Network [POPIN], 1994).

In 2000, the United Nations adopted the United Nations Millennium Declaration, which identified several “fundamental values” essential to international relations in the 21st century. These values addressed women’s rights as well and included (United Nations, 2015):

  • The freedom of men and women to live their lives and raise their children in dignity, free from hunger and the fear of violence, oppression, or injustice.
  • The importance of equality and the assurance that the equal rights and opportunities of women and men must be a priority.
  • The importance of gender equality and empowerment of women in the fight against poverty, hunger, and disease.

Complete the course post exam (CE Test) with a score of 80% or greater. Complete all fields of the course evaluation form. Certificate of Completion is provided once the course post exam is passed per criteria above.

  • American Board of Managed Care Nursing
  • ANCC - American Nurses Credentialing Center
  • AOTA - American Occupational Therapy Association
  • ASWB - Association of Social Work Boards
  • California Board of Registered Nursing
  • California Department of Health, Aid, and Technician Certification Section
  • District of Columbia Board of Nursing
  • Florida Board of Nursing
  • Florida Board of Nursing - Certified Nursing Assistants
  • Florida Board of Respiratory Care
  • Florida Council of Dietetics and Nutrition
  • Florida Council of Licensed Midwifery
  • NAADAC - The National Association of Alcohol and Drug Abuse Counselors


Practice Level:


Content Focus:

Domain of OT

Course Expires:

August 23, 2020

  • Caroline Young, MPH
  • Cyndie Koopsen, RN, BSN, MBA, HNB-BC, RN-BC, HWNC-BC
Jurisdictional Requirements:

Continuing education (CE) licensing requirements vary by jurisdiction, are not well defined, and may change. These CE requirements may vary in terms of the number of hours required to the types of courses that must be taken. ALLEGRA Learning Solutions, LLC recommends you contact your licensing board or accrediting organization for the latest continuing education requirements of your state or territory. Compliance with CE requirements is the responsibility of the individual health care provider. Health care providers must understand the CE requirements in their jurisdictions, and be sure they are up-to-date on any rule changes that affect their license. For further information, please see our Accreditation Information.

Accommodations for Disabilities:

Every effort will be made to accommodate your special needs. To request accommodations, please contact us.

Conflicts of Interest and Relevant Financial Relationships:

The authors/planning committee members have no conflicts of interests or relevant financial relationships to declare relevant to this activity.

Commercial Support:

No commercial support has been received for this activity.

Non-endorsement of products:

Accreditation refers to recognition of continuing nursing education only and does not imply ALLEGRA Learning Solutions, LLC approval or endorsement of any commercial product.

Off-label Use of Products:

None of the authors intend to discuss off-label uses of drugs, mechanical devices, biologics, or diagnostics not approved by the FDA for use in the United States.